Ancient Egypt Documentary - Complete History - 8000 B.C. to 30 B.C. Part 1
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Ancient Egypt Documentary – Complete History – 8000 B.C. to 30 B.C. Part 1



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for a half thousand years ago Northern Europe is slowly emerging from the Stone Age in the Mediterranean the roots of two great civilizations Greece and Rome have yet to take hold in Mesopotamia the mighty empire of Assyria is still far in the future but to the south on the northeast tip of Africa something unparalleled in antiquity is taking place rising from the banks of the Nile River in Egypt are three colossal pyramids monuments to the most enduring civilization the world would ever see when the Greek historian Herodotus visited Egypt four and a half centuries before the birth of Christ he was awestruck the wonders were greater than those of any other land he observed there were pyramids taller than any man-made structures on earth avenues of sixes half-man half-beast and towering stone pillars called obelisks there were giant statues of long dead Pharaohs and exotic mummy is encased in gold and everywhere the enigmatic symbols of its sacred writing here reaching across the chasm of time was a civilization that had flourished for more than 3,000 years to the ancients Egypt was already ancient Cleopatra who ruled during the first century BC is closer in time to us than she is to the Pharaohs who built the pyramids Egypt is so old that for centuries its origins remain shrouded in mystery even the Egyptians weren't really sure how old they were or where they came from Herodotus said Egypt was the gift of the Nile but the Egyptians knew from the beginning that life on the Nile could be precarious isolated by an endless expanse of desert Valdo rule to a river that was unpredictable and a climate that could dramatically change civilization in Egypt was forged in part by the realities of a harsh environment the Egyptians called it chaos lurking in the background were powerful forces waiting to be unleashed because disaster could strike at any moment the Egyptians clung to a profound belief order not chaos was the will of the gods to maintain order and keep chaos at bay the Egyptians envisioned a king who was a living God the earthly manifestation of horus the hawk ruler of the skies pitted against him was the unruly God Seth the harbinger of chaos the eternal conflict between order and chaos would ultimately guide the destiny of Egyptian civilization but the true story of how it came about vanished in antiquity in the twilight of egypt's greatness around 300 BC a priest named Manasseh began the awesome task of compiling the first complete history of Egypt the challenge would have been daunting yet in temple libraries and on the walls of Egypt's most sacred places volumes had already been written a thousand years before my neethu was born the pharaoh seti the first built a temple at Abydos dedicated to Osiris the God of the Dead in a special Hall of the ancestors his son the future Rama sees the second is shown reading from a papyrus the document carved on the wall in hieroglyphs contains a list of 76 royal names in chronological order each name is encircled by a stylized coil of rope the symbol called by Egyptologists a cartouche identifies a king together the Kings ruled over 2,000 years of Egyptian history using temple documents such as these man Ethel organized his history into 30 royal dynasties the earliest name on the list is men a king Mele founded Egypt's first in astaire about 3100 BC according to min fo he reigned for 60 years during which he expanded Egypt's borders and won greater claim before being carried off by a hippopotamus before king many Egypt was ruled by demigods called the spirits of the Dead but their names were long forgotten where the spirits of the dead history or mythology where did a Gyptian civilization really begin ironically not along the banks of the Nile 70 miles west of the Nile in the Sahara Desert it's so hot and dry what little rain that falls evaporates before it hits the ground here in this desolate landscape lived a tribe of nomads who just may have been the ancestors of the Pharaohs Fred went off of Southern Methodist University in Dallas Texas heads an international team of archaeologists who've been scouring the desert looking for signs of human occupation in 1974 they located an ancient settlement on the rim of a shallow basin they call not a player the Sahara was not always parched and added radiocarbon dating reveals that at about 8,000 BC tropical Africa's summer monsoon shifted northward increasing the rainfall on the desert and allowing seasonal lakes to form one such Lake was not to play here surrounded by stretches of grassland to feed their livestock people could take shelter from the heat and the vagaries of the desert but the rain was unpredictable without it the lake dried up three days without water meant the difference between life and death with survival hanging in the balance a remarkable thing happened co-leader of the expedition room old shield of the Polish Academy of Sciences has discovered a tiny circle of stones a stonehenge in miniature that two thousand years older he thinks it was used to predict the coming of the rainy season well this humble pile of rocks that you see here is actually one of the oldest calendars ever found this one consisted of a stone ring and two stone upright stone alignments that I call gates you can see them here and there and one of the alignments points to the north exactly the other one though that you can see in this going this direction points to the position of the Sun on the 21st of June that is the beginning of summer the beginning of the rain season in this belt of Africa the discovery of this calendar circle only hinted at what was the count near by several unusual stones were also found arranged in circles marking the location of deep pits the stones some weighing over one and a half tons didn't come from Napa Playa they had been dragged here from a distant quarry for the desert dwellers to transport large stones and direct them required an incredible amount of effort and organization the question is why Fred Wendorf thinks they may mark the graves of important people or honor their spirits perhaps someone powerful enough to intercede with the gods and bring rain one of the most imposing objects was found in this pit perhaps the final resting place of a ruler or a chieftain at first it looked like an ordinary builder but when went off examined it more closely it turned out to be a primitive sculpture we found this very large and carefully shaped stone down in this hole about a meter above the large bed rock outcrop here that's shaped like a mushroom you can see how carefully it's worked smooth on the surfaces sharp edge and you can see how they were able to control the length of the piece by making grooves in this face here what you can see and then by using a wedge they were able to strike off the flakes as exactly the points that they wanted to this is altogether a very impressive piece of stonework and it may well mark the beginning of Egyptian fascination with working in large stones it is also an important marker of social rank because the ability to control large numbers of men that were needed to shape this stone to bring it into position to shape the bedrock below required that there would be numerous people for a considerable period of time to accomplish all of this and this indicates that this individual had a higher rank than the others yeah 7,000 years ago the first crude monuments in Egypt rose from the desert to honor a fallen king and bring order out of chaos but for the people of Napa plier the sands of time were running out around 5,000 BC the summer monsoon began to shift again this time south the rains eventually stopped and hue sees like napped applier permanently dried up forced to abandon the desert the settlers headed due east towards the Nile the Nile is Egypt's lifeblood from origins deep in East Africa the river flows northward some 4,000 miles before reaching Egypt's Nile Valley an oasis over 600 miles long for the last 100 miles it fans out into a wide delta before spilling into the Mediterranean Sea throughout Egyptian history the Nile was both a blessing and a curse once a year swollen by monsoon rains in Ethiopia the river flooded its banks depositing nutrient-rich soil Egyptians called the Blackland without it Egypt would be bearable with it one of the most fertile regions on earth but in the past the river was as unpredictable as rain in the desert to hire flood who destroy villages to lower flood meant famine to escape the chaos of uncertainty the Egyptians devised the world's first calendar based on three seasons or four months each it's the model for the calendar we use today but this time they weren't watching the weather we were watching the Nile the time of the flood was called inundation the time of emergence was when the water receded and crops could be planted during the dry period when the Nile was lowest the crops were harvested working together the Egyptians dug Wells built dikes to protect their villages and develop the rudiments of geometry to redraw their property lines each year by 4000 BC after the people of napped applier had settled in the Nile Valley the first glimmerings of Egyptian civilization began to appear beautifully decorated pottery animal shaped pellets designed for mixing cosmetics and Flint knives so well made they've never been equaled some with elaborately carved ivory handles gradually between 4000 and 3000 BC two powerful kingdoms emerged because the Nile flows from south to north the kingdom that flourished in the Nile Delta is called Lower Egypt the land of the papyrus plant the kingdom of Upper Egypt the land of the Lotus blossomed in the Nile Valley the symbols of the two kingdoms are woven together throughout Egyptian history they signify the union of the two lands into the world's first great civilization what has long puzzled archaeologists is how and when unification took place Rene Friedman of the University of California at Berkeley and her colleagues are looking for clues at the site of the ancient capital of Upper Egypt did you got over there Sean uh we got what appears to be a man called by the Greeks hire accompanies the city of the hole it was Egypt's first city 35 to 50 year range today its monuments and structures are long gone instead craters dug by robbers littered the site a century ago archeologists thought that all that was left in the desert was a plundered cemetery not worth exploring little did they know that hidden in the sand was a wealth of new information new discoveries show that by 3500 BC higher accompanists was one of the most important settlements along the Nile over two miles long it was a bustling community of farmers administrators craftsmen and potters one Potter was manufacturing cookware for his neighbors he signed his parts by pressing his thumb into the wet clay just below the rim 5,000 years later fragment still cover the ground and near his kiln because of a freak industrial accident it is possible to identify his home these are the remains of the Potters house it's the oldest preserved house in all of Egypt and we oh it's fine preservation to the fact that the Potter worked a little bit too close to where he lived fortunately for us but unfortunately for him one day a shift in the wind caused the fire from the kiln to travel the short distance to the house setting it alight the fire read in and harden the native silts and the mud bricks that formed the lower portion of the house and reduced the posts in the mats of its walls to the charcoal and ash that we see here on the north side of town was a vast industrial complex of bakeries Egypt's earliest known breweries and granary is for storing wheat but the most important structure in herre companies was uncovered in 1985 when archaeologists stumbled upon several large holes six feet deep large enough to support massive wooden columns 20 feet tall these columns formed the facade of a massive shrine that would have dominated the entire temple complex and the town of hire accomplice as a whole this is the earliest known Temple in Egypt know where was the power of the King more evident during ritual ceremonies the king seated on the throne would oversee the sacrifice of animals to the hawk god Horus the patron of all future kings of Egypt designed to evoke the silhouette to the crouching animal with horns and a tail the temple was lavishly appointed with colored mats and pillars perhaps made from cedars imported from Lebanon the prototype of all the great temple complexes to come it dominated the landscape of higher accompanists but for now the city of the hawk had arrival butoh the capital of Lower Egypt situated north of modern Cairo in the Nile Delta today all that remains of Bhutto is a huge amount of earth and debris and these stones and statues which are dated 2,000 years later but in this trench archaeologists have uncovered the fragments of hundreds of clay pots dating back to the same period as hire companies 3500 BC and earlier inna faulting x' of the german archaeological Institute is in charge of the excavation and an expert in the study of ancient pottery by reassembling the fragments and comparing them to pottery from her accomplice she's made a surprising discovery butoh in early times was a home of a very different culture the pots from butoh are less sophisticated than those from Upper Egypt you have here a lump of clay on the bottom and then they put in some upright slabs and j-just squeeze this together and burnish the surface to close it in contrast to that we have some imports from Upper Egypt like this pot it's a very little elegant form the quality is you know that is you can hear it it's much tighter and from much better technology they had better Cairns in Upper Egypt and obviously the lower Egyptian people who made this kind of pots realized that too so they tried to imitate these parts but with their lower Egyptian technique and skill which is not very high so they didn't do a very good job dienophile teases work at butoh reveals that by 3200 BC the superior culture of Upper Egypt had swept through Lower Egypt and the two kingdoms became one but was the transformation peaceful or was it bloody the union of the two kingdoms along the Nile was a milestone in Egyptian civilization but how it came about was a nagging question all archaeologists had to go on was a single object found at her accomplice in 1898 this exquisite ceremonial palette made of slate dates back to around 3100 BC it was dedicated by a king of Upper Egypt called nama who some believe was the legendary King many Egypt's first pharaoh on one side nama wearing a bell burrs crown is about to strike down a prisoner in the presence of horus the hawk god of higher companies on the other side of the pellet Narmer wearing a crown with a curl tongue appears in a procession moving towards two rows of decapitated prisoners the Lions their long necks intertwined symbolize unification the key to understanding narmer's pellet is in the crowns in Upper Egypt the King donned a white crown with a bulbous tip in Lower Egypt a red crown with a long protruding tongue together they form a double crown signifying that Pharaoh had become the lord of the two lands for the next 3,000 years after unification the image of the king wearing a double crown would appear on statues and temples throughout Egypt to reinforce his dominion over all the land Namas pellet seemed to confirm that unification occurred after a bloody conquest but for the century it remained the only evidence until a tiny object turned up at Egypt's oldest royal graveyard Abydos believed to be the final resting place of Osiris the god of the dead the ground is strewn with broken parts the shattered remains of offerings to one of Egypt's most important gods long before the Pharaohs carved their tombs in the Valley of the Kings or built the pyramids Egypt's first rulers were buried here in large brick lined grains extensively explored around the turn of the century abiders was thought to have yielded up all of its secrets until 1977 when German archaeologists into Dreyer reopened the site since then he and his team have reinvestigated the tombs of several early kings including that of king nama Dreyer is excited about the discovery of an ivory label labels like this were originally attached to jars of oil small as it is it contained a big surprise it seems to depict the event unarmed as pellet this is an ivory label of king Narmer found near his tomb such labels served to indicate the date of shipments of oil at that time dates were indicated by names of years and these names were chosen after the most important events of that year in this case it's a victory of king Narmer over the Delta people and obviously it's the same event as depicted on the famous Norma palette from this we may conclude that the Norma palette indeed refers to a historical event which took place in a certain year but the label is only one piece of the puzzle another discovery at Abydos suggests that the process of unification had begun long before nama under these mounds of rubble dryer found the tombs of kings from a previously unknown dynasty which Egyptologists now call dynasty 0 in the tombs were more labels even more astonishing than the first here each tin ivory was clear-cut proof the Egyptians had developed a fully evolved system of writing not only earlier than previously thought but earlier than the Sumerians in Mesopotamia who are credited with being the first to produce a written language the earliest Sumerian writing seen here was an accounting system made up of simple pictures and numbers Egyptian writing already contained sound signs like modern alphabets the hieroglyphs on these labels all represent sounds the snake stands to the sound jus along with two triangles it spells out the word Jew which means Mountain the symbols read the mountains of darkness referring to the west where the Sun sets the hieroglyphs on other labels indicate the king was already collecting taxes from both upper and lower egypt a sure sign unification had already taken place to consolidate the kingdom a new capital was built exactly where upper and lower egypt meet founded by King many who Egyptologists believe is the historical king Narmer Memphis was destined to be the greatest city in the land for 3,000 years the pharaohs would rule Egypt from Memphis yet today all that's left are ruins but none dating back to the time of King nama Egyptologists have long assumed that the ancient capital was always located here but David Jeffries of the Egypt exploration Society thinks Memphis was somewhere else and has spent nine years trying to find it using a simple manual drill he has taken a series of core samples from fields two miles west of the ruins the cause uncovered a substantial layer of artifacts ten feet below the surface typically what we expect to find in this area just a few meters down from the position that we've reached at the moment is pottery in the lowest level the lowest suit level pottery that represents the here at around 3,000 BC here at around 3,000 BC of the earliest kings of unified Egypt and which represent the foundation of the the national capital in this area what would cause the nation's first capital a grand city of palaces and temples homes and administrative buildings to pick up and move two great natural forces the desert and the Nile we're standing here on the very edge of the western desert looking over the Nile Valley towards the cliffs on the east side the valley is only seven kilometers wide here it's as narrow as it is anywhere in the this northern part of the Nile Valley and what we believe we've established we're looking down at the area where we've been doing these drill cause what we believe we've established is that the river flowed very close to this desert edge and that the city actually stood along it directly below where we are and that as sand swept in from the western desert and as the river at the same time moved eastwards that the city followed the movement of the river to where the recognized ruin field is today about three kilometers across the valley the chaos of the shifting Nile on one side and the encroaching desert on the other or to the Egyptians throughout their history to overcome the ever-present threat of danger they would put their faith in one man and the power of the gods to protect themselves from disaster the Egyptians vested their king with absolute power and worshipped him as a god only a god could talk to God and only a god could have that chaos to preserve order called Mart the sauna fied as a seated goddess with a feather on her head the Pharaoh undertook daily rituals to appease the gods he built elaborate temples and finished them with food drink and other offerings kurz came in many forms it could manifest itself as a violent storm sound blowing off the desert what a foreign enemy images of the Pharaohs as triumphant warriors are repeated again and again throughout Egyptian history this one of Rama sees the second appears on a temple constructed nearly 2,000 years after Nara conquered Lower Egypt premises probably never led an army into battle the image is more symbolic than real a message to all who saw it that the King fulfilled his sacred duty to maintain marked the divine order more likely the Pharaohs supervised their military campaigns from a farm in 20 to 80 BC a senior court official named Winnie ordered the details of his extraordinary career carved on the walls his true when he relates how his Pharaoh King Pepe dealt with a tribe of marauding nomads when his Majesty took action against those who dwell in the deserts of the east he raised an army of many tens of thousands from all over Upper Egypt there were noblemen sealed there as chieftains and mayors I was the one who commanded them this army returned in safety it had ravaged the asan dwellers land it had served its strongholds it had thrown fire in all its mansions His Majesty praised me for it beyond anything with awesome power and destructive force chaos could also erupt out of nowhere not far from the site of ancient Memphis in a stone quarry at hell 120 miles south of Cairo is the world's oldest dam although it's hard to envision after 4000 years this massive pile of stone was part of a huge engineering project designed to control flash floods fascinated by early Egyptian technology guntu Dreyer made a detailed study of the dam he calculates it took five hundred men ten years to build it hauling into place some 184 thousand tons of stone by any standards the dam was an extraordinary attempt to thwart chaos unfortunately it didn't work the dam spanned the wadi from over there to there and had a length of about 330 feet and a height of forty two feet it was rather solidly built in a cross section would look like that at the base length of 300 feet on top about a hundred and fifty feet it consisted of three parts in the middle loose filling of sand on both sides a package of rough stones covered by a casing of dressed limestone blocks unfortunately the dam was overflowed before it was finished the water came over here and destroyed the unfinished part and then is in a few minutes huge amounts of water ran down the wadi and destroyed all installations downwards and so the work of about 10 years and 500 work was just a ring for the Egyptians who built it the disaster was a tragic reminder of how destructive the forces of nature could be and of the need for constant vigilance it was the Egyptian's unique vision of the cosmos shaped by their environment that sustained the world's most enduring civilization at the center of it all was king with skills forged by his ancestors in the desert and honed along the banks of the ever-changing Nile he maintained the balance of the universe with justice and piety he fought the unrelenting onslaught of nature social upheaval EMU the supernatural but in the end there was one final immutable battle with chaos that no one could escape although the king was a god he was also a man he was going to die to avoid calamity he ordered the Egyptians to begin hauling large stones to the deserts edge slowly a new kind of monument arose that would come to symbolize the Kings ultimate triumph the triumph of eternal life the age of the pyramid builders had to become the year is 2350 BC the funeral of a pharaoh named Oona's but this is not a day of mourning it's a celebration for 3,000 years the Egyptians clung to a cherished belief in the resurrection of the human spirit today the soul of the Pharaoh is being reborn but the journey into the afterlife is not without its obstacles these magic spells will guarantee a safe passage the Pharaohs quest for eternity would inspire the most colossal monuments ever built in antiquity the Pyramids of Giza near modern Cairo are the world's most enduring testament to time the oldest and the largest is the Great Pyramid for over 4,000 years it was the tallest man-made structure on earth built of limestone it's estimated that over three million blocks were quarried and hoisted into place some weighing up to 15 tons apiece the sheer wonder and perfection of the pyramids led Western travelers to speculate on who really built them and why no mortal and certainly no ancient Egyptian could raise such immense stones was it the creator himself to conceal his divine plan for the universe or was it the fabled civilization of Atlantis to house their ancient wisdom perhaps visitors from outer space but what self-proclaimed experts and mystics failed to observe was that the Pyramids at Giza were not isolated phenomena from cairo to aswan 650 miles south along the nile valley scores of pyramids dot the landscape most the final resting place of the pharaohs and their queens and most inexorably linked to the search for immortality in ancient egypt the concept of the pyramid had its origins at the dawn of time in the beginning there was darkness and a formless ocean of chaos out of it arose a mound on this mound appeared the Sun Bartok rock the embodiment of all life and energy or light and warmth RAAA crossed the sky then at sunset he plunged back into the chaotic abyss only to be reborn the next morning at sunrise the Egyptians hoped that by uniting their spirits with the Sun God they too could be swept into the cycle of eternal life the pyramid was the vehicle to immortality the resurrection machine seen as the mound of creation which was part of an elaborate process conceived to assist the Pharaoh on his journey to the afterlife but no two pyramids were alike written on the walls of King Kunis's tomb is a virtual guide to immortality called the Pyramid Texts it's filled with arcane formulas and spells one to rid the Pharaoh of all wrongdoings a soul full of sin can't go to heaven one to protect him from scorpions and snakes he might encounter along the way one to announce his arrival to the sun-god raah who as his tomb presents an extraordinary vision of the afterlife a self-contained resurrection machine it was born out of the soil and psyche of the Egyptian people but until now the true story of the pyramids would remain as obscure as those who built them towering over an ancient cemetery at Saqqara some 10 miles south of cairo is Egypt's first pyramid called the Step Pyramid it's also the first tall structure ever built in stone dedicated to the resurrection of King Djoser in 26:10 BC the Step Pyramid was something new before the Egyptians had built their monuments of mud brick and wood but here not just a pyramid but an entire complex of chapels and courtyards had been rendered for eternity in imperishable stone the mastermind behind Josas complex was the King's Minister and architect Imhotep a scholar and self-made man his achievement and in the title of Vizier the highest official in the land later the Egyptians would even worship him as a saint but recently a new discovery far south of Saqqara at the royal cemetery at Abydos has raised the specter of who the true genius behind the resurrection machine really was here 500 years before the arrival of the pyramids the first kings of Egypt were buried and a low rectangular mounds of sand and gravel since 1995 guntu dryer on the German archaeological Institute and his team had been excavating the tomb of King Kasich my who ruled Egypt in 26 80 BC the largest royal tomb at Abydos it was filled with underground chambers fit for a king the tomb was built in sun-dried mud bricks it has about 65 chambers and the full length is about 200 feet the chambers were covered by means of wooden beams and network and the buff layers of modrich the large tomb pit was filled with sand and above desert level there was a large mound massive mound of sand and rubble the bond called by Egyptologists a mastaba echoed the primordial mound of creation the symbol of rejuvenation a half a mile away on the edge of the desert Kazakh moon also built a massive rectangular enclosure over 35 feet high and nearly 400 feet long it's one of the oldest standing structures in the world made of brick for decades scientists thought it was a military fort locals thought it was the storehouse of Joseph who predicted seven fat years and seven lean in the Bible but they now know it was the pharaoh's palace of eternity for archaeologist David O'Connor of New York's Institute of Fine Art it's also a marvel of ancient engineering although this huge enclosure was built almost 5000 years ago it was built in a very on a very massive scale and very very soundly so an extraordinary amount of it has still survived to today and as a result we're really able to reconstruct what it originally would have looked like for example every every external face had this series of recessed panels in it with a buttress and a recess and in another panel these were plastered heavily with mud plaster and then painted white so that instead of simply great blank white walls rising about 30 or 40 feet high you had walls across the faces of which there was a ever-changing pattern of light and shade throughout the day as the Sun moved around the monument the walls are a replica of those surrounding the Kings actual palace and courtyard the panels an emblem of power in life the courtyard was a stage for the pageantry and ceremony of ancient Egypt in death a testament to faith in continuity Casa canoes enclosure was the largest of several built two by dos but the King had more ambitious plans in search of the perfect resurrection machine he would become the first great builder in Egyptian history in the shadow of the Step Pyramid at Saqqara Ian Matheson of the National Museum of Scotland is investigating a mystery that has puzzled archaeologists for years using a remote sensing device developed for oil exploration he's investigating a landmark known as he's an L mu da which means the enclosure of the boss in the 1940s an aerial photograph revealed the outline of an immense stone structure almost a half a mile long and nearly a quarter mile wide on the surface only a few sections of the wall remain this is the inside of the wall on the north wall and it stretches from this here I offer to the horizon where you can see about 15 meters wide at this point here made of local limestone then the war continues to the end and the whole width of the enclosure is about 350 meters from this site across to the other and about 650 meters over the sight line you can see just now the south wall is over the horizon the actual size of the enclosure is almost twice the size of the saucer pyramid enclosure it is an amazing construction because if you look at the size of it is it must have been the largest stone construction that anyone could put up at that time in history which is about four and a half thousand years ago pottery found at the site indicates the enclosure may predate King Josas by 25 years making it the oldest monumental building ever erected entirely of stone if so who built it mago only kink a second we had the skill to make a more permanent bid for immortality but no one could prove it until beauty dryer made an exciting new discovery at abiders we found lots of seal impressions with inscriptions and astonishingly among them were several ones with the name of King Joseph and from this we may conclude their jaws are buried as a Hughie it must have been his immediate successor this is quite important for the understanding of development of the royalty the revelation that Joseph succeeded casick em we filled in a long-standing gap in Egyptian history Egyptologists knew that Joseph was casa Kamui stepson but other contenders were vying for the throne the seals not only confirmed the succession now for the first time archeologists could trace the evolution of the pyramid from its infancy borrowing on his father's grand scheme for the afterlife King Djoser then took it one step further when Joseph built his tomb he decided to bring the two elements tomb a large and closer together but what happened he built his tomb chart the chamber and above the mound the initial master bath then the enclosure wall was built around it but now the important mound was no longer wizard to solve this problem they built several smaller master baths on top of the first one and they were quite visible over the enclosure wall and so we have Step Pyramid a staircase to heaven is laid for him that he may ascend it to the sky this is one of the oldest fragments of Egyptian writing the journey from a simple dirt mound to the world's first pyramid sprang from a powerful vision of the hereafter one that would inexorably alter the landscape of Egypt although the next few attempts at pyramid-building failed the monument at saqqara would inspire another dreamer to reach for the stars this odd-looking ruin near the village of Maiden some 50 miles south of Cairo marked the beginning of a new chapter in evolution of pyramids the only full-size Step Pyramid completed after King Josas it's also the last one like it ever built called the false pyramid in Arabic it eventually collapsed as the result of ancient stone robbing but not before the remarkable man behind it had already decided to try something different Slipher Oh was revered as a benevolent and good-humoured king a true visionary he would become Egypt's greatest pyramid builder him madam was just the beginning moving north to – or snafu built two more monuments what is now known as the bent pyramid would have surpassed the Great Pyramid of Giza if the builders had kept their plans but halfway through construction it began to crack Greiner startled man of the German archaeological Institute is an expert on king stefan's projects allowed unprecedented access to the pyramid he now knows exactly what went wrong this is a major crack many of these cracks happened during the construction of the pyramid because it was built on a weak ground the king and his architects were very worried and unhappy about this they even tried to reduce the angle of the pyramid creating so the appearance of the bent pyramid but finally nothing could be done the parameters to be abandoned the pyramid had been erected on a sandy plane without a solid foundation eventually it began to subside to stabilize it the builders changed the slope from 54 to 43 degrees hoping to reduce its weight but it was too late two miles away sniff who launched his third and final pyramid quick to learn from their mistakes the King's architects laid a foundation of limestone to prevent subsidence and settled on an angle of 43 degrees the same as the top of the bent pyramid called the red pyramid for the glowing color of the local limestone it's the first true geometric pyramid and Egypt's fourth tallest Sneferu could now ascend to heaven on a ramp that gleamed like the Rays of the Sun the pyramid is entered by a long descending passageway three feet square at the bottom are three interconnected chambers each over 40 feet high and each with a distinctive corbelled ceiling designed to support the weight of the pyramid above they resemble a step pyramid in Reverse [Applause] pyramid within a pyramid not only reinforced structure the Egyptians believed it doubled the king's chances for resurrection with this sequence of three large and high rooms Kings not who finally had achieved a burial place and eternal residence he could be happy and content with these rooms are constructed of large limestone blocks the roof in layers of limestone blocks everyone protruding about 15 centimeters with this ingenious construction the mass of the pyramid resting on it could be supported they are about to more than two million tons of stone on these rooms but has no crack no danger in it the roof represents religiously also the sky resting over Boonton sarcophagus in which James Laughlin rested for eternity one of Ryan's dad woman's most important discoveries at dujour would finally answer to age-old questions who actually built the pyramids and how long did it take when we started excavation here we found a part of the casing still preserved other blocks had been fallen on the reverse of these Brooks we found the name of the working gangs who constructed the pyramid for example the green one in Egyptian watchit the name of the King King snow crew and dates with these dates we could realize that after two years already six layers of the pyramid have been constructed two years later about 15 meters of the pyramid has been completed and from another date we learn that it took about 17 years to construct the whole parameter to build his pyramids Sneferu wood quarry more stone and harness more manpower than any other Pharaoh during the Old Kingdom but his successor would concentrate his energy on one the greatest resurrection machine of them all rising from the Giza Plateau is the ultimate expression of the quest for eternity built for nephew successors Khufu Khafre and Menkaure they are virtually man-made mountains the superhuman scale of the Great Pyramid alone and Khufu the reputation of a cruel tyrant it contained enough stone to build a wall three feet high around the whole of France according to Napoleon who marveled at it in 1798 time has been kinder to the Pyramid of King kafra only two feet smaller than the Great Pyramid it's better preserved the original limestone facing still decorates the summit it also retains the remnants of several structures that were an integral part of the resurrection machine at the base of the pyramid was a mortuary temple supplied with daily offerings of food and drink in the belief that even a dead King needed sustenance from there a covered causeway almost 1/3 of a mile long led to a valley temple a monumental portal linking the desert plateau to the life-giving and purifying waters of the Nile but Khafre added something new to the traditional pyramid complex the sinks one of Egypt's most haunting images a strolling lion with a head of a man it reaches across time to proclaim the king master of the world on a journey to Egypt in 450 BC the Greek historian Herodotus was told the pyramids were built by slaves but all evidence of their existence seemed to vanish without a trace until American archaeologist mark Lehner began mapping the Giza Plateau since then he's uncovered proof that far from a labor camp Giza was once a thriving community of workers the size of a small city dedicated to serving the Kings south of the pyramids a stone wall separates the tombs and temples of Giza from 40 acres of empty deserts it was here that Lena and his team began their excavations this large stone wall is called the wall of the crow in Arabic and it's played a major part in our thinking about where we're excavating our site is just to the south anywhere else in the world and this would be a national treasure actually it's been somewhat ignored here at Giza because it's dwarfed by the pyramids and the Sphinx it's much bigger than you think it actually our trenches up against the wall shows that it is some 10 meters 30 feet tall and this gateway behind me therefore is about 21 feet tall maybe one of the largest gates in the ancient world in 1991 they dug a trench exposing thousands of pieces of pottery from the time of the pyramids the pottery came from two rooms he believes were ancient bakeries several pots contained what looked like grain to find out he turned it over to Ark your botanists like Mary and Mary in a floatation tank the dirt falls to the bottom what's left is vegetation later analysis confirmed it was wheat possibly used for baking bread the bakeries were attached to the back of a much larger mud pit building enclosed by a five foot thick wall inside were curious low benches and troughs beautifully paved with desert clay Lena and his team were baffled until they took a closer look at the dirt on the floor scraping that back sometimes with Swiss Army knives we found these fibrous deposits very fragile that turned out to be the gills fins cranial parts vertebrae of fish looking at some of the dirt filling the troughs under a microscope it was filled with fish bone scattered throughout so we seemed to have inside the enclosure of the mud brick building a facility for processing fish it soon became evident that lena and his team had stumbled upon the kitchens that fed the pyramid builders a short distance away an ancient cemetery bears witness to the legions of craftsmen and laborers who stayed on to serve the dead Kings built of stone leftover from the pyramids some are miniature mastabas with tiny courtyards and false doors bearing inscriptions of the owner's name others are simple graves topped with domes a crude reflection of a pyramid but all a resurrection machines Zahi Hawass director of the Giza pyramids has been excavating the ancient cemetery of the workmen from the engraved walls of one of the more interesting tombs we can learn a little bit more about the lives of these once unknown people this man his name is Nefertiti 'the he married to two wives and i believe it's very rare they lived with him in the same time he had something like living a children but what's interesting that his wife his main wife had a title in her difficult yen art she was doing weaving and underneath the fourth door we have a very interesting scenes that never occurred in any tool before this man is making him warning and this man is making fear even in the offering table here they're talking about four types of wine and five types of beer because the cumin died for the workmen and a king in ancient Egypt were drinking beer and eating bread I really believe that this man never teeth once was in charge of the bakery located to the east of the tombs of the workmen so far some 600 tombs have been discovered it now appears that the wall of the crows was the barrier had separated the hallowed ground of the pyramids from the mundane world of those who built them it's estimated 20,000 Egyptians were drafted to erect just one Pyramid at Giza in the years to come and I think white like them would ever be seen again time would not be so kind to Egypt's next dynasty of kings these ruin tombs are called The Forgotten pyramids located not far from south of giza at a site called aboo-seer they are smaller than their colossal played Assessors and in poor condition their limestone casings stripped in Roman times in 1893 local farmers digging among some pyramids stumbled upon over 300 fragments of papyrus because they were difficult to read the fragments were dispersed and forgotten then in 1976 one caught the attention of archaeologist Miroslav Varna director of the Czech mission exploring aboo-seer it mentioned the mortuary temple of a little-known king named Rena forev whose tomb had never been found Virna suspected it lay under tons of sand near an unfinished pyramid because the pyramid was incomplete early archaeologists assumed it had never been used but they were wrong at its base Virna found a once fully operational mortuary temple complete with the largest cache of fifth dynasty sculpture in existence including a rare painted limestone statue of the king his head shielded by his protector the Falken god horus the pyramid complex was excavated in several previous seasons and we are at present digging in the core of the pyramid where we succeeded in discovering the entrance to the funerary apartment of reference we can expect on the basis what we have already found here in this area in remains of the barrier equipment of the king possibly also fragments of his red granite sarcophagus and who knows maybe even remains of his mummy if Rinna forevs mummy is found this once forgotten King will reign as the only Old Kingdom Pharaoh to survive intact in his tomb run frf probably died in his twenties before his pyramid was finished but the practical business of resurrection took place in the mortuary temple its importance was confirmed by Verna's next and most significant discovery an archive of rare documents describing the activities of the Kings cult from the pyre I found in this place we have learned that the mortuary temple of Rana fareth was a thriving religious centre for at least 200 years after the King's death about two hundred priests divided in five shifts maintained the cult of the Dead King by day and by night by day they brought daily offerings consisting of bread beer meat vegetables fruit etc by night some priests watched from the temple terrace the Stars and kept the records the records from aboo-seer reveal a bureaucracy obsessed with detail meticulous inventories were kept of furnishings and cult objects along with stockpiles and deliveries of food and revenues collected from the Kings estates duty rosters of priests charged with performing the daily rituals assignments included reviving the King spirit clothing his statue and laying out sumptuous meals on the altars what the King didn't eat the priests did according to one document 130 Bulls were slaughtered during one 10-day festival all to honor a short-lived King Rana fierce cult flourished for 200 years before it was finally abandoned and his to be forgotten centuries later the great resurrection machines would vanish from the egyptian landscape only to reappear in a very different form in 1500 BC the Pharaoh to tomasa the first instructed his architect named in any to build him a tomb on the west bank of the Nile opposite Thebes Egypt's most important religious Center he found the perfect spot and isolated canyon dominated by a huge pyramid shaped Mountain called the cordon here deep in the rock in na carved out his true certain the body of his Pharaoh would be secure he left a touching inscription on the walls of his own – a few miles away it reads I built the tomb of my majesty no one seeing no one hearing nearly 30 Pharaoh's would eventually be buried in what is now known as the Valley of the Kings immortality was assured by a stunning array of texts decorating the walls while the Egyptians went underground the pyramid would make a dramatic reappearance in another ancient but little-known kingdom hidden away Nubia in modern-day Sudan is one of history's best-kept secrets these pyramids are the relics of a once powerful civilization known as the kingdom of cush the story of why they were built begins around 1400 BC for centuries Egypt had coveted the wealth of Nubia the Kushites controlled vast resources of gold and other minerals they also dominated the principal trade routes to the heart of Africa in the reign of truth Mazda the third Egypt finally conquered Nubia and the kingdom of cush became part of Egypt 700 years later the couchette rulers in turn they'd came to Egypt's throne their claims centered around a flat-topped mountain in Nubia called jebel barkal the mountain fascinated the Egyptians on its western flank the shape of a strange pinnacle led them to believe it was sacred American archaeologist Tim Kendall of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston Massachusetts has spent years unraveling the secrets of jebel barkal when Egyptians came here they saw in this strange rock formation the image of a very familiar symbol of them a rearing cobra which was a call to uraeus the symbol of kingship which the Kings wore on their crown the Cobra form seems to be wearing the white crown of the south which symbolized kingship over the south the symbolism of the Cobra and the white crown marked the presence at jebel barkal of a Mundra Egypt's most important God whose main home was in the Temple of Karnak at Thebes a form of Amun RA with a Rams head was believed to live inside the rock his presence conferred kingship over all the Nile Valley including Nubia to honor a menorah the Cozad Kings built a temple within the rock and decorated one wall with a depiction of the sacred mountain and the all-powerful God net little temple built by taharka the greatest of the crocheted rulers of Egypt we actually have a representation of jebel barkal and here you see thee the cliff mountains actually painted red brown and within the mountain sits the God who's shown ram headed the nubian Amon was always ram headed and here he's actually called Amon Lord of the thrones of the two lands who is in the pure mountain which is the name of jebel barkal and here you see the great pinnacle represented as a rearing cobra or a reyes where the Sun disc on its head when you see the mountain from the west side it the pinnacle actually looks like this it has an orb on its top and if you're standing there shortly after sunrise the Sun appears to come right out of the pinnacle and perch right on the top by 750 BC crocheted rulers were considered legitimate pharaohs recognized as Egypt's 25th dynasty five Kings reigned for half a century during which they donned Egyptian costumes and titles they adopted Egyptian art and architecture and inaugurated a new era of pyramid building that would last for a thousand years and produced some two hundred pyramids more than in all of Egypt but cush I'd pyramids had a style all their own they are visibly smaller and steeper in angle than Egyptian pyramids and their tops are flat they are offering chapels look like miniature temples but the biggest difference was how they were built Egyptian kings constructed their own and were often buried inside them when the koshered kings died they were buried underground and they appear immediate over them one of the most important pyramid fields is at mara way all the burial chambers were looted in antiquity except for one the tumeric we named a man a shaquita here in the last century an Italian adventurer Giuseppe Fellini discovered a fabulous cache of gold jewelry the find triggered a wave of treasure hunting during which the pyramids were systematically vandalized and some almost totally destroyed the last pyramid ever built on the African continent was erected four centuries after the birth of Christ today it's a heap of rubble still the landscape of Mary way is a vivid reminder of a tradition that survived for 3,000 years and gave the world its most enduring symbol of the ancient past 13:27 BC ancient Egypt is in mourning in the Valley of the Kings craftsman scurried to prepare and makeshift to barely 19 years old the Pharaoh Tutankhamen is dead his tomb is borrowed only for small rooms it's tiny by royal standards but its contents are fit for a king a throne bearing a portrait of the young king and his wife is she's in gold well his coffin the innermost one of three is cast in solid gold and weighs over a ton the mask that covered the face of his mummy is considered one of the most beautiful works of art ever crafted in the precious metal The Treasures of Tutankhamun's tomb the only one discovered intact in the Valley of the Kings our only a glimmer of what ancient Egypt must have been like during its fabulous age of gold for over 400 years Egypt's pharaohs were laid to rest in the Valley of the Kings their tombs were carved out of solid rock but the burial chamber was called the house of gold because of its warm glow and indestructibility gold was thought to be the flesh of the sun-god raw and contain supernatural powers the Pharaoh was the offspring of a son a living God by lavishing him with gold the flesh of the gods the Egyptians believed the Pharaoh was assured an eternal life but it was not to be filled with treasure beyond the imagination most of their tools would be opened in antiquity and their mummies removed lying in state in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo are the remains of some of Egypt's most powerful Pharaoh's took Morsy the first took Mazda the second took more than the fourth SETI the first and Rama say is the great but Tutankhamun's tiny – along with his name was lost and virtually forgotten when the tomb was finally uncovered in 1922 the most stunning archaeological find of all time made Tutankhamun the most famous name in Egyptian history his treasures bore witness to the astonishing riches and power of Egyptian civilization during the age of gold envied for its wealth Egypt was blessed with a seemingly inexhaustible supply of gold mined from the deserts east of the Nile Valley and especially from Nubia now the Sudan it was virtually common as dust I cast statues of the gods in gold and electrum decorated lapis lazuli and all fine stones who claims one of two des chemins inscriptions I built new ships to ply the waters and covered them with gold so that they illuminated the Nile Tutankhamun was one of 14 Kings that comprised Egypt 18th dynasty in 1550 BC its founder of mosaic first inaugurated the new kingdom and launched the greatest empire the world had ever seen at its height Egypt sphere of influence which stretches far north Assyria and as far south as the central Sudan but before our Moses reign there was no Empire for a hundred years Egypt had been ruled by foreigners originally from Canaan these foreigners known as the hook sauce had established a power base in the Nile Delta giving them a stranglehold on the lucrative Mediterranean trade routes the hook sauce had an advantage better military technology a superior form of battle ax was designed for piercing they are bows a composite made of wood sinew and horn sent arrows streaming over longer distances but their most potent weapon was something new mobility with a horse-drawn chariot the hook sauce could move fast and wheel their arms with deadly force all Egypt paid obeisance to the foreigners but with increasing reluctance in Thebes a family of local rulers styling themselves as the true kings of Egypt eventually rebelled one of them Kings second in rate are paid the ultimate price [Applause] dr. muhammad salla the director of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo has grisly proof this is the mummy of Satan and rata our food art in the battlefield against the Hyksos and as we unwrapped his body we found so many mutilations and cuts and you can see that he died in agony and the face had had cuts which would not have been done except only by weapons brought by the hipsters to Egypt for the first time one of the weapons that did the damage was the battle ax distinctive to the hook sauce it's long narrow blade perfectly suited to piercing bone humiliated by the presence of foreign rulers on Egyptian soil second in r8r had led the first open revolt against the hook sauce after his death his son Kamoze took up the fight carved on a stealer a commemorative stone found in thebes is an account of the bitter hatred between carmoza and the king of the hook sauce he Pepe as mighty a moon endures I will not leave you alone the Egyptian promises his enemy I will not let you tread the fields without being upon you a wicked of heart violacea t'k i shall drink the wine of your vineyard they waste your dwelling place cut down your trees the dwelling place of the fook sauce was a mighty fortress in the Nile Delta called avarice from there they ruled Egypt for a hundred hundred years then like the tomb of Tutankhamun a virus vanished without a trace for thousands of years the Nile River cost through Egypt before branching out into a series of tributaries that form the rich floodplain of the Nile Delta here the hook sauce built their capital but for over a century its exact location remained one of the great mysteries of modern archaeology covered over by millennia of silt a virus virtually disappeared until 1975 when a team of Austrian archaeologists led by manfred bietak of the university of vienna began investigating a site known as tell el-daba tel means mound usually the site of an ancient settlement pottery recovered from hundreds of bore holes sank into the tail helped be tack homed in on tell el-daba as the site of ancient Avaris to the trained eye a virus is clearly not Egyptian its dwellings and temples are similar to those found in ancient Canaan and Syria among the contents of the graves weapons and pottery of hooks's type have been found but in the 1990s Batac made what may be the most important find of them all the remains of a palatial fortress surrounded by a giant wall it's most prominent feature was a heavily fortified Citadel strategically located on a vanished branch of the Nile VTech believes this was the dwelling place of the hook sauce king he Pepe Hermosa had threatened to attack a virus and drive out the hook sauce now as he was about to make good on his word he Pepe hatched a clever plan in what is now the northern Sudan lay the kingdom of cush its capital the city of kurma about 1555 BC a messenger left of Aras and headed south across the desert towards karma bent on a secret mission but his journey would be interrupted in 1991 John and Deborah Darnell of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago were exploring the desert a short distance northwest of ancient Thebes when they stumbled upon an ancient Caravan road worn smooth by centuries of use the road led them to a hill they call jebel Jyoti what next is desert cliffs so unusual are the inscriptions it's covered with graffiti left right travelers pausing for a rest along the road some our prayers to the gods some commemorate special journeys and events but most are simply names and titles the 4000 year old Egyptian equivalent of Kilroy Was Here among them are some real works of art this is probably one of the most lovely of the inscriptions we have here at chori it's a little royal Falcon wearing a double crown and what's wonderful about this particular inscription is you can really get a feeling for how the artist selected the area in which was going to make the inscription there's this wonderful blush of salt coming out of the stone and that little spot in the middle must have suggested the shape the body of the Falcon because he chose just the right area to accentuate his carving also we had a very difficult time when we were trying to make the original copy doing it from a right-handed position it was almost impossible to complete we had a left-hander with us and she had no problem making the inscription copy so we assume that the original artist was also a left-hander the Darnell's eventually uncovered a network of desert roads running north-south across the Niles Kenner Bend and linking with other routes to the great Oasis in the West and to Nubia in the South guarding the roads was a chain of lookout posts manned by desert policemen today what appears to be a pile of rubble was once a pair of towers some 30 feet in height the towers would play a key role in the war against the books US these are guarding the caravan tracks that go to Jebel chode and we know that this area is at the border of Thebes the northern border of the Theban province and these towers appear then to have been in use around the time of Como's ax to guard the caravan tracks here and to be used as bases for the roving desert policeman who be guarding the narrow door of the desert as the Egyptians called it this back door to Thebes for the hooks's the back door to Thebes was the road to disaster he Pepe had hoped to defeat carmoza by forging an alliance to the king of cush and opening a second front on Egypt 7 border but his plan was thwarted when his messenger was captured in the desert on his way to camera Kamoze died before the hook sauce were finally uh stood the task would fall to his brother amazi the founder of the 18th dynasty the first Pharaoh to rule during the age of gold Amasa was bent on liberating Egypt determined to beat the enemy at his own game amazi adopted some of the superior weapons of the hook sauce soon horse-drawn chariots driven by egyptians appeared on the battlefield but the details of who exactly event pushed the hook sauce might have been lost in obscurity were it not for a remarkable set of inscriptions found near a tiny village called L cob in Upper Egypt in an unabashed display of vanity a soldier in the Pharaohs army also named a Moses left his autobiography on the walls of his tomb Viviane Davis keeper of Egyptian antiquities at the British Museum sees a man who not only rose from the ranks to become an admiral but was highly decorated for his valor the highest accolade that could be bestowed upon one as a soldier nation to Egypt was to be awarded the gold of honor by the king this man was awarded the gold of honor at seven times he must have been a military hero of his age he's shown in fact wearing the gondwana proudly here these are myths made of solid gold Amazo began his illustrious career at the

49 Replies to “Ancient Egypt Documentary – Complete History – 8000 B.C. to 30 B.C. Part 1

  1. Invented by India : metal and Numbers 1234567890

    Invented by persians ( Iran) : algebra and alghoritim

    Invented by China : paper and gunpowder and machines and compas and canons and papermoney and Discovery of magnetic Field of the earth

    Invented by Somalia : hydraulic enginering and creating a maritime empire based on trade

    Invented by arabs : vision optics and cartografy and medicin and universities and surgery

    Invented by Italians ( romans ) suwer system and war strategies and beautifull art and dellicious food and latin script ( that finally let germanic people read and educate themselfs because there is no germanic alphabet too dum)

    Invented by the greeks ( who are not germanic and have more simularities with middle eastern people ) : philosophy and first real science also beautifull art and theater and learn methodes

    Invented by egypt : days months Lears first accurate calendar in te world and alchemy and toothpaste and art and music and consruction building and spiritual recording and first historian who kept track of history and astronomy and agriculture and tax and philosophy

    Iraq ( sumerian babylon assyria) writting system and minuts en hours and

    When al this countries that are seen here above where flourishing and writtjng history europe and the west was eating eachother and had no sense of What so ever about science and civilization where naked screaming and murdering each other and the only thing they build where hunnebeds Stones that are equal to the intellect of a Beer and dont tell me the ancient Greek were western they looked more like turkish and lebanese people then dutch or english and they called u white Europeans barbaric uncivilized raw meat eating shit after u saw al this inventions made by this great empires that u saw above where u finally able to make something try too make a computer without Numbers and alghoritm u history thiefs show me your ancient history if u were so smart anywhere in germany austria belgium netherlands brittain France Scandinavia Russia poland Ukraine nothing nothing and nothing ancient thats why u go around the world looking for history cause papa didnt leave u one finnaly started to speak around 5 AD by that time al this empires above me where done and had it all and knew it all

  2. Unfortunately, the modern science mindset percolating in the brain-mind complexes ,severely conditioned by Time, Mathematics and Money don't have the ability to investigate civilizatons of the pre-science periods.

  3. Glad everyone likes this documentary. Theres a 2nd one coming soon. Any guitar fans out there who like Jimi Hendrix ? My buddy Corby Yates was the greatest blues rock guitarist of this generation to exist, he passed away at 31 years old 2 years ago. Please type in Amazing Guitarist Corby Yates and if you can, watch the whole 29 min vid. Thanks a bunch. I just want him to get as much recognition as he can

  4. Kemet Africa was named Egypt by the European Greeks. We need to put up a protest and get the name change back to Kemet we've already band there movies from our country about Egypt being white with more work in protest I'm sure we can get it done we've done a great work in South Africa taking down white statues. Living in South Africa telling us that they are Africans. Before Mandela was president. It was hard for us to live with a fake president that nobody voted for.. the Europeans have never done anything good for Africa. Yes I give you credit for your inventions. But all said and done you need to get the hell out of Africa. And leave the culture to the people. 😗 Look at the video just look at him he would show a light-skinned Foreigner every chance he gets.. I am pretty sure there's somewhere in Europe this man can go.

  5. I'll ask even a realer question who here thinks Europeans ran Egypt I mean a complete white person being in the sun for long periods of time and we ain't just talking about no regular weather here we talkin about being in extream heat and along with that Being in a fucking desert no way in the hell a complete full white person ruled egypt..

    Hahahahahah no way no how I know my facts

  6. Who can ask me this question do black people get lice and do we smell like ah dog when it rains another one when we're born do we haft to get a tail bone cut off and one last thing can y all be in the sun for long periods of time in the sun like a true African and they say we the true people of the earth most of whites will be offensive when they here this but if u cant agree with everything I said and if u can't at least admit to one of these being true then your truly mo human in your own eyes…

  7. Egyptians were not black, blacks only say Egyptians were blacks because they want to feel like they had a great empire in history which they never did lol

  8. @Ishmael Forrester- youre so stupidly predictable to try and disparage everything i said by honing in on slavers who for more than 300 years called ALL africans blacks, and anybody from africa as eligible for slavery….this went unchallenged the entire time slavery was instituted and of course you know went into setting precedence and proticol for who was negro, black, african and there by eligible for slavery….they never said light skins africans are not to be inslaved or no such similar bs….you skipped over everything i said to find what you thought was a weak point, to comment on….lol….youre a dope who never had any credibility….lol…dope

  9. I would like to fuckban acient eygypt. Acient greek. Acient rome. Germanic uk bitch. A native american indian. All acient chicks so i can see how fresh they got when they showered with river water. And get some old time pussy. Too bad they would have a bush. I think inwould like modern shaved pussy the best. What do u guys think. No women allowed in this comment section talk8ng about acient cock. Unless u want some pussy to and u are hot. Maybe if u want the minotar cock one time ill let u have it. Mmk buh bye

  10. For all the people that's says that the Egyptians were white instead of black, Egyptians were black and u can also see that from the carved paintings they did from years ago. white people always want to take control of everything. history didn't start by black being a slave to the whites. white people always tryna makes us look bad because they know that we are powerful and they get scared. when u look every where even in TV commercials all u see is a caucasian person being identified as being smart, doctors, and all types of things that makes a person look smart but u never ever see a black person. For all those who said that white men built or make America, you are wrong. black people were the one who built the roads, buildings, railways, and even the white houses. while the lazy white males were sitting down we did all the work. we also built the pyramid in Egypt. ya'll white mens will try everything to make us under ya'll power because ya'll know that if we make up our mind and say let take our spot back you guys will have nothing to say because everything belong to us in the first place," stealers".

  11. ". . . 8,000 BC" W0W! We are nothing now. Lack of Respect, Efforts, and 'Genius'.
    We may see this, but why don't we follow? I shall Dream . . . ~- *

  12. @ 24:48 They have the story all wrong. There was no industrial accident, or un-expected wind. Here is what happened. Every year before the annual flooding of the Nile, the potter would take a trip back home to visit his Ethiopian relatives. The trip usually lasted for about one month. However, this particular year, for reasons that are still unclear, the trip lasted over 3 and a half months. Meanwhile, thinking that the property had been abandoned, the neighbor's son took up residence in the house. Upon the potters return he demanded the neighbor's son vacate the premises but the shiftless son claimed squartter's rights and the corrupt local authority sided with him. Out of anger and frustration the potter burned the house down and returned to Ethiopia for good. That is how the house burned down!

  13. This is crap. No one knows more about Egypt than Egyptians;( if they tell you in their writings and in stone they were ruled by living beings for thousands of years, i don't think we should call them liars), especially when they found artifacts of superior craftsmanship dated before 3100bc.

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